Tuesday, May 10, 2011

Weakness of Rutherford's Model

The assumption that the electrons were orbiting around the nucleus was unfortunate. According to the classical electromagnetic theory, if a charged particle accelerates around oppositely charged particles, the former will radiate energy. If an electron radiates energy, its speed will decrease and it will go into spiral motion, finally falling into the nucleus. This does not happen as then the atom would be unstable which it is not. This was the chief weakness of Rutherford’s Atomic Model.

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